What you could spend on materials, labor, and permits for your kitchen remodel
Dreaming of the kitchen you’ve always wanted is easy. To get there, having a roadmap of the elements you could encounter in a kitchen renovation in New York City will help you understand the decisions and behind-the-scenes costs. Here, Sweeten, a free service matching homeowners with vetted general contractors, offers a kitchen renovation cost overview so you can create a space that you love and works perfectly for you.
From building requirements to permits and design, take a look at the overall averages for renovating a kitchen in NYC, according to Remodeling’s Cost vs. Value Report based on remodels in 2018. These costs end up being higher for NYC than the national average.
- Minor, mid-range kitchen renovation (meaning no layout changes and not moving plumbing or electrical): $28,495
- Major, mid-range renovation: $81,584
- Major, upscale renovation: $155,309
To get a sense of what budgets most Americans are working with nationally, the averages for kitchen remodels in 2018 was $22,507 for a minor, mid-range renovation, $66,196 for a major, mid-range project, and $131,510 for a major, upscale project.
Low to high-end costs for kitchen appliances and finishes
Take a quick walk around any home appliance store, and you can start to get a feel for the obvious costs of a kitchen renovation. On the low end are items sourced from big-box stores like Home Depot or IKEA. Prices increase if you choose to use their interior boxes but upgrade or customize the function or style, such as the door fronts. The middle range covers quality, longer-lasting products, and on the high end are highly customized, luxury brands, or imported items.
How much materials for a kitchen remodel cost
The chart below shows a range of pricing for various fixtures, materials, and finishes from low end, mid-range to high end below:
- Cabinets: Low end – $130/linear foot, Mid-range – $1,000/linear foot, High end – $2,000/linear foot
- Appliance package: Low end – $2,000, Mid-range – $5,000, High end – $17,000 – $26,000
- Vent hood: Low end – $200, Mid-range – $500, High end – $2,000 and higher
- Countertops: Low end – $5 per square foot (psf), Mid-range – $50 per square foot (psf), High end – $100 per square foot (psf) and higher
- Backsplash: Low end – $3 psf, Mid-range – $15 psf, High end – $35 psf and up
- Flooring (tile): Low end – $3 psf, Mid-range – $15 psf, High end – $35 psf and up
- Kitchen sink: Low end – $150, Mid-range – $500, High end – $2,000 and up
- Cabinet hardware: Low end – $5/piece, Mid-range – $30/piece, High end – $300/piece
- Lighting: Low end – $50, Mid-range – $200/piece, High end – $500/piece
A note about cabinetry: In high-end kitchens that feature custom millwork, the cabinetry often accounts for a high percentage of both materials and labor costs. Whether opting for minimalist, sleek cabinetry with concealed hardware, or decorative cabinetry with custom visual details, the starting point for basic custom cabinetry is $1,000 per linear foot. Many factors can affect this number—drawers are costlier than shelves, for example, and creative solutions such as Lazy Susans, pull-out pantries, specialized compartments, and soft-close hinges all add to the budget. Since kitchen cabinetry work is very similar to custom millwork, check out this Sweeten post on the cost and finish options of built-ins.
Custom cabinets are not just for houses with lots of square footage; apartment owners with limited kitchen depth may also benefit by going custom. Cabinets with less depth can maximize tighter spaces, while more depth can accommodate larger tableware storage. These choices inherently require custom cabinet work because prefabricated cabinet options come in limited and fixed depth measurements. Read more about the difference between custom and prefab cabinets here.
Budget for permits, design, and everything behind-the-scenes
In contrast to the visible costs, here are some mostly unavoidable behind-the-scenes budget items to keep on your radar.
1. ) Building requirements
Building requirements can play a significant role in dictating design and budget needs for apartment owners. These requirements can range from insurance coverage minimums, which limit your ability to work with professionals who aren’t carrying high-value insurance policies, to alteration agreements that require anyone doing any work in the building to have far-reaching coverage for problems they may never encounter, like asbestos removal or explosion and collapse scenarios.
Contractors who can afford to work in buildings with more extensive requirements tend to have higher operating costs and can meet higher insurance requirements, more stringent debris removal expectations, limited noise and hours-of-work requirements, and stricter parking rules. While there is no exact figure on this, you may see this translate into higher rates overall for teams that can meet those demands.
2.) City permits
- Plumbing services: $2,000 – $3,500 and higher
- Plumbing permits: up to $2,000 and as high as $5,000 per permit
- Electrical permits: $900
- Asbestos inspection: $500 – $1,000
Plumbing services can cost $2,000 to $3,500+ and plumbing permits (required by the City’s Department of Buildings for any plumbing work that exceeds a minor repair or a direct swap of a similar fixture) can run up to $2,000 and as high as $5,000 per permit. Adding outlets or doing electrical work may call for an electrical permit, which can run close to $900. You may also need an asbestos inspection, depending on the building’s requirements and your plumbing plans, which can cost $500 to $1,000.
In the design stage, plan to collaborate with the experts you hire to create detailed drawings that account for all physical elements of the kitchen, including layout, plumbing, cabinetry and counter specs, lighting, and appliances. You should also select your backsplash, flooring, sink, and hardware during the design phase.
- If you are considering major layout changes, such as removing walls, rerouting gas or plumbing lines, and rewiring electrical, you are looking at spending at least $22,000 for a basic kitchen gut. If you are considering this kind of transformative work, you’ll need architectural designs from a registered architect and to plan for the cost of permits, thorough building approvals, high insurance coverage requirements, and more involved management from a general contractor overseeing the project.
- These “soft costs”—expenses critical to the success of the work but often invisible and unforeseen—can represent 15to 35% of the renovation cost. Read more about layout changes here.
4.) Demolition and site prep
In the site prep stage, significant behind-the-scenes labor is needed to ensure that your kitchen renovation maintains its value over time. Old materials and fixtures need to be pulled out and disposed of—this can be complicated on busy city streets with limited parking. Almost without exception, and especially in old buildings, your contractor will need to strip the walls and flooring to frame and level, respectively, before the installation phase. This step is critical and labor intensive—and can easily average $4,000. If your home is new or the sub-floor is concrete, leveling needs may be minimal, but otherwise, you probably need to account for floor leveling and new wall sheetrock or intensive plastering before any surface work can get going.
Exposing the existing conditions inside walls during this leveling and framing step will also allow your contractor to address plumbing or electrical issues before you hook up a brand-new appliance. You may find it necessary to replace all horizontal plumbing work to the building’s “stack” (the main vertical lines that run throughout the building), and run new wiring to head off plumbing and electrical problems that you may have unwittingly inherited. Factor in costs that support the success and longevity of the work, including prep work to protect floors and valuables, which can add $600 to $900, and waterproofing steps, which can add $1,000. While these steps are labor- and cost-intensive, the work is critical for foundation alignment and infrastructure needed for the project, so consider them wise investments.
Last, but certainly not least, is the install. It’s essential to note that high-quality materials are only as good as the installation—if hinges are not properly aligned on drawers or cabinets, or if the shelving is not completely level, these faults will not only prevent your kitchen from aging well, they will also affect the immediate aesthetics of your space. Appliances are often installed by the store where you made the purchase (as a built-in cost or an added delivery/installation fee), while countertop suppliers often also manage the installation of that product. If it is not provided as a built-in cost, installation is usually subsumed under the “general construction” or “labor” budget line and handled by your general contractor.
6.) Overhead costs
General contractors always factor in a percentage of the project to cover overhead costs, including insurances, administrative support, and the inevitable costs of growing a business. Sweeten contractors range from two-men crews to much larger entities that employ dozens of staff (including designers, project managers, millworkers and laborers, bookkeepers and operations staff). No matter the size of your contractor’s business, however, you will absorb some of the cost increases they bear from year to year, though not necessarily dollar for dollar.
Sweeten contractor Thomas explained that as a business grows, costs also go up. “Insurances increase yearly, and anything related to MEPs (mechanical, electrical, and plumbing) has also increased a bit as these subcontractors—especially plumbers—have seen an increase in their costs.” This is because the rules have become more stringent and there needs to be “more eyes on the project.” Additionally, he mentions, “Buildings are being more stringent on their [insurance] requirements which cause us to keep up with those needs.”
Sweeten contractors Alex and Aaron also pointed out increases in some materials, “While we try to explore every avenue to stay competitive, there have been certain developments over the past year that had a direct impact on costs. Specifically, the trade war with China has had a material impact on the cost of certain countertop materials and the cost of lumber. Due to the large amount of countertop material used in kitchens, this is increased the overall cost of kitchen renovation projects.”
One thing to keep in mind: “Every project is different depending on the complexity of the project, type of client, which trades will be involved, and how easy or difficult it will be to work in the particular building,” said Sweeten contractors Alex and Aaron.
You have a fair amount of choice in deciding what to spend on some material aspects of a kitchen renovation, but some basic renovation costs and labor-intensive steps are instrumental to the work overall, no matter what you spend on materials. Having a good handle on the real costs involved will allow you to better align your budget, avoid surprises, and get you that much closer to your dream kitchen.
Find out how long a kitchen renovation takes—and what’s involved—in our step-by-step guide and process timeline.
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